Calla Lily is gentle, beautiful, elegant flowers which cannot but admire people around unusual and refined external types. Culture is grown up as room as garden and also are used for creating a various bouquet of compositions. Very often the flower is applied to the creation of wedding bouquets for what culture is called “a wedding flower”. South Africa is considered the homeland of fine flour.
How does the plant look?
The Calla has an unusual appearance. The height of a stalk can reach 80 cm, but also higher versions meet, for example, the Ethiopian calla can grow to 150 cm. The inflorescence consists of two parts: ear of yellow coloring and cover. The cover is a bract which has the funneled form, up it extends, forming a so-called collar. Leaves large (up to 30 cm long), radical. The coloring of leaves — bright green, impregnations of a white or silvery shade is possible. Many compare plant leaves to tips of arrows.
Why plants are called as “death flowers”?
Calla often call “flowers of death”. But business at all not that these flowers attract death. In the West, it is acceptable to bring flowers of white coloring on graves. And the calls are very popular. Besides, they are also grown up at the cemetery. In this regard, you should not give plants to elderly women as such bouquet hints at their fast death. And in some European states, for example in Great Britain, it is forbidden to give bouquets from white calls at all.
The family to which flowers belong is called Aroidnye. In Latin, the name sounds as Calle. The flower received the name thanks to Karl Linney. South Africa is considered the homeland of culture. The area of dissemination of culture is rather wide. Culture generally on the coast of reservoirs and swamps grows. This brown plant. The root system differs in strong branching. Radical leaves long pointed at the ends. Have a smooth, brilliant surface.
Length of a leaf is about 15 cm. The flower consists of an ear and a bract in the form of a cover. Culture height — up to 150 cm depending on a grade. The culture within a month from the middle of May and to the middle of June or in other time depending on a high-quality version blossoms.
Garden and room
There are no significant differences in grades of garden and room grades. Cultivation is also identical. The exception makes only the winter period. In the winter culture cannot grow in a garden, it needs to be dug out and moved in the room. In-room floriculture the following grades are grown up often
- Calla Lily;
- Cherry Kiss;
- Elegant Svon.
Some grades grow up generally in a garden. Among is as follows:
There are several kinds of culture. It is necessary to carry to those:
- Calla Lily flower aethiopica is the most widespread look. It is grown up both in room conditions and in gardens. Differs in the snow-white coloring of flowers. Height can reach 150 cm. Also, greenish flowers meet. The look is often used for the creation of bouquets and dressing of rooms for holding celebrations;
- C. Elliottiana is a species of a plant, differs in the yellow coloring of flowers. Plentiful blossoming. The version prefers growth on solar sites;
- The page of Rehmanii is a low kind. Height — no more than 50 cm. Colorings: pink and red.
- There is also a marsh version. In nature, it grows in coastal territories of reservoirs and also in marshlands. It is often used in landscaping for a dressing of artificial ponds. Culture blossoms since the end of spring within a month. Bracts have a white color. The plant quickly and easily expands. It is poisonous.
Mango is a long-term high-quality kind of culture. Leaves smooth and large. Coloring — bright green with specks of a silvery shade. On long peduncle, single flowers which consist of an ear of yellow coloring and a cover are located. The cover differs in orange color with a yellowish shade. Blossoming of a grade begins in July and comes to an end in August. The grade is good for cultivation containers, pots, in flower beds. Bouquets from Mungo’s Calla are also fine.
Red Alert is an effective grade. The height of a plant is no more than 60 cm. The cover of a flower differs in saturated red color. Flowers large, up to 12 cm in the diameter. Flower height — about 10 cm. Leaves have large sizes. The coloring of a leaf — bright green with silvery impregnations. The whole summer blossoms.
Crystal Blush is a gentle plant no more than 70 cm high. Blossoming long — from the middle of June till September. At first blossomings, the cover has snow-white coloring. Then there is light pink fringing. Leaves have dark green coloring without impregnations. Differs in very pleasant aroma reminding vanilla. The grade is considered one of the most popular among white grades.
Schwarzwalder is incredibly effective grade. The cover has almost black coloring with a claret outflow. The height of a flower is about 10 cm. Blossoming begins in the middle of the summer and comes to an end in September. Leaves are large, bright green with silvery large specks. The height of culture does not exceed 60 cm. The grade is suitable for cultivation in pots, on garden sites and also the bouquet compositions is good for creation.
Cantor is one more magnificent grade. The cover differs in black color with a violet outflow. Leaves have green coloring with white specks. Blossoming continues since July prior to the beginning of fall. The height of culture does not exceed 60 cm. The grade is usually used for cultivation on garden sites.
Black Star is one more high-quality kind of almost black. Flowers large (up to 10 cm in the diameter) differs in dark claret, an almost black cover of a graceful funnel-shaped form. Leaves are long, dark green with white specks. On leaves, the thin border of a claret shade accurately is seen. The long-term garden is grown up mainly on garden sites. The height of a plant can reach 70 cm. Blossoming begins in the middle of the summer and lasts for a month.
Hot Shot is a popular grade of color. The height of a plant does not exceed 60 cm. The inflorescence is presented by the yellow ear which is wrapped up in a cover which has peach coloring. Leaves large with white points. The grade can be used for cultivation room conditions and in the open ground.
Garnet Glow is very bright grade no more than 60 cm high. Coloring covered — bright pink. The grade blossoms on an extent of summer. It is grown up mainly on garden sites.
Black Eyed Beauty is a long-term tuberous grade. The height of a plant does not exceed 60 cm. Leaves long and large. The color of a leaf — dark green with white specks. The coloring of a bract cover is remarkable. The cover has cream or vanilla and inside differs in a black peephole. The grade blossoms from the middle of July before the termination of August. It is grown up mainly in the open ground.
Florex Gold is a bright and effective grade. Plant height — no more than 60 cm of Otlichiteln coloring of a flower — bright yellow. Leaves are large, have dark green color with silvery impregnations. The grade is grown up both in a house pot and in the open ground.
Sunshine is one more bright yellow calla. Height is no more than 50 cm. Covers of flowers are allocated bright lemon as if in a neon color. The grade blossoms from the middle summer until the end of August. When blooming a cover have a greenish shade. Sunshine will become the bright decoration of the garden site.
All about landing and care of Calla in a garden
How much water do need Calla Lilies
During blossoming demands regular waterings – the soil lump should be held constantly damp, but from a pallet excess water is merged, are not allowed to stand.
After blossoming – waterings reduce to 1 time a week. Till November can stop be watered absolutely until it leaves wither – it for a plant is not terrible. Since the end of the fall, watering is strengthened and speeded up. The calla loves sprayings and bathings. Summer and fall for calla – a dormant period. Shade-enduring plant.
The soil is preferable to a landing – mix of the cespitose earth, humus and peat in equal parts. As to fertilizers and fertilizing is given complex mineral or fertilizer for bulbous flowers once a month.
Changes are necessary every year, and it is the best of all to replace after rest – in November. Leaves are often and regularly updated for a plant – new grow, and old quickly turn yellow and die off, they need to be deleted, this natural phenomenon for a calla.
How to store calla tubers before landing
Prior to the beginning of March tubers of a calla store in a vegetable compartment of the refrigerator. Paper them and place in a plastic package, having made in a package several openings for ventilation. Before purchase attentively examine landing material. Tubers have to be dense, smooth, without visible damages, have live kidneys.
Landing of tubers of a Calla
At the end of February – the beginning of March before disembarkation in soil tubers of a calla land on germination. If tubers withered a little, before landing take them 2–3 days in damp fabric until they become elastic again and kidneys obviously are not designated on a surface of tubers.
Attentively examine tubers. If you noticed on them damages or signs of dry decay which often appears at the wrong storage smooth out a sharp knife to the healthy fabric.
Grease a wound surface with brilliant green and lets it dry up.
For prevention of mushroom infections before landing process calla tubers any fungicide intended for seed treatment of tubers and bulbs. Well, the medicines Fundazol and Vitaros possessing system action are suitable for this purpose. They not only destroy mushrooms on a tuber surface but also are acquired by a plant, providing it long protection. Before landing dry tubers a little.
Fill a small pot with nutritious earth mix approximately on 2/3 volumes. The mix has to have a subacidic reaction. The composition of soil for the landing: peat, humus or compost, the sheet or garden earth, the washed-out sand (2:1:1:0.5). Condense the soil in a pot and place from above a tuber.
Fill up a tuber with the prepared soil mix. The depth of landing of tubers – 1.5-2 cm from tuber top to the surface of the soil.
Carefully water, trying not to wash away the soil. Put a pot to the light place. Well develops at a daytime temperature of about 15… 20 °C. It does not matter if at night temperature of maintenance of a calla decreases to 13… 15 °C, the difference between nighttime and daytime temperatures is useful to a plant.
Roots of a calla grow in all directions. That they did not come to the surface of the soil as soon as sprouts reach a height of 5-7 cm, add to a pot still the earth a layer of 2-3 cm. Support the soil in a moderately damp state. Tubers badly transfer excessive watering and stagnation of water, therefore, merge water from a pallet right after watering. Time in 2 weeks feeds up a solution of full mineral fertilizer for the seedling. The good result is brought by fertilizing by the liquid gummed fertilizer.
When the soil in a garden gets warm up to 15 °C and the threat of frosts passes, the calla can be landed to the open ground. The plant does not love direct sunshine, therefore, choose for it the place which is lit with the sun in the forenoon. Prepare a hole of 30х30 cm in size for landing, add to it on a half of a bucket of hummus and peat and well mix.
Carefully take a plant from a pot. In spite of the fact that roots at a calla powerful, they very fragile and at damage are not restored. Establish an earth lump in a hole.
Accurately fill up space around roots with the soil. At its landing, it is possible to bury once again at 1.5-2 cm that when leaving accidentally not to damage superficial roots.
Water, wait when water completely is absorbed into the soil. After watering to landing mulching peat to prevent the formation of a soil crust.
Callas: leaving during the season
Further leaving consists of watering, loosening, weeding from weeds and regular fertilizing. It is necessary to water moderately, avoiding remoistening. But it is impossible and to leave it in hot weather without watering: at a soil overdrying ceases to blossom, turns yellow, dumps leaves and goes to a condition of rest.
If you well filled a landing hole for a calla with humus or compost, it is possible to be limited to mineral fertilizing in the summer. The plant reacts a powerful increase of a bush to the detriment of blossoming, therefore, fertilizer has to be balanced to excess of nitrogen.
It is possible to use special instant or liquid fertilizers for fertilizing of the blossoming plants. Usually, they include an approximately equal ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (information is provided on packing).
On the soil which is not filled with hummus, it is possible to feed up a calla infusion of mullein (1:10) or chicken dung (1:20). If you are not going to collect seeds, then at the end of blossoming (when the color cover turns green) delete peduncle that the plant did not spend force for the formation of seeds and blossomed more for a long time.
How to remove and store calla tubers
If you grew up gladioluses, then without effort will be able to grow up in a garden: both plants come from South Africa, their life cycles are very similar. As well as the gladiolus, needs a winter dormant period, but there is one important difference: tubers of a calla are stored at lower temperatures (3… 7 °C).
In the fall when there pass the first frosts up to –2 °C, tubers of dig out. Do not tighten from digging because though frosts are not terrible for leaves, tubers perish even at insignificant negative temperatures. Dig out carefully: tubers juicy and very fragile, young children are easily broken off from a maternal tuber.
At once it is not necessary to cut off leaves and roots. Spread out the dug-out plants in dry heat (15… 20 °C) the place for two weeks, to a full drying of leaves. During this time there will be an outflow of nutrients from leaves in a tuber, it completely ripens and becomes covered by a dense cover.
When leaves and roots completely dry, they without effort separate from tubers.
After cleaning attentively examine tubers: if on them there are damages or signs of decay, then process these places brilliant green, previously having smoothed out them to healthy fabric, and then dry.
Wrap each tuber separately in the sheet of paper.
Lay the papered tubers in a mesh basket or a cardboard box and place in the cool place (3… 10 °C). It is the best of all to store tubers in a cellar, but if you have no such opportunity, put parcels in a package of openings for ventilation and place in the refrigerator in a box for vegetables.
Good results are yielded by storage of tubers of a calla in dry sphagnum. The sphagnum protects tubers from drying and has bactericidal properties.
Irrespective of the fact which you chose a way, regularly during the winter look through tubers. Sometimes happens, they are surprised a mold, so storage conditions too damp. In that case, tubers should be aired, removed from them a mold both to audit the powder Fundazola and to put separately from foodstuff. If you store tubers in the refrigerator together with vegetables, then Fundazol it is impossible to apply.