In 1989, NASA launched a study to determine the best indoor plants for cleaning the surrounding air. Scientists have found that indoor air invariably contains particles of harmful volatile organic compounds — trichloroethylene, benzene, ammonia, and others. To clean the air environmentally, experts recommend to place them in the rooms. Indoor plants can neutralize up to 85% of indoor air pollution.
The harmful substances in the air which houseplants help clean
The indoor air contains five harmful substances:
- Formaldehyde – contained in furniture made of chipboard, fiberboard, carpets, and upholstery materials, tobacco smoke, plastic utensils, household gas. Formaldehyde сauses allergic reactions, irritation of the mucous membrane, asthma, skin diseases.
- Trichloroethylene – it is contained in means for cleaning of carpets and fabrics, chlorinated water, cartridges for printers, paints, and varnishes. Trichloroethylene is a potent carcinogen that irritates the eyes and skin, affects the liver and kidneys, causes psychomotor agitation.
- Benzene – is in tobacco smoke, cleaning, and detergents, including soap, paint products, rubber products. Carcinogen, which can provoke leukemia, accumulates in adipose tissue,
causes alcohol-like excitement, shortness of breath and cramps,
reduce blood pressure.
- Ammonia – сontains in computer technology, tobacco smoke, household chemicals. Causes dryness and tickling in the throat, cough, provokes chest pain, causes swelling of the larynx and lungs.
- Xylene – on its basis, many types of plastics, paints, adhesives are produced, it is also contained in automobile exhaust gases, leather products, and tobacco smoke. Causes irritation of the skin, respiratory tract and eye mucosa.
Theplantsgarden.com gathered in one post 15 plants that will not only decorate the house but also 24 hours a day will work faithfully and smoothly to clean the air.
Andre Anthurium (Flamingo Lily)
Perfectly moisturizes the air and saturates it with purified water vapor. Actively assimilates xylene and toluene and processes into harmless to humans compounds.
Read more from Flamingo Lily in the article
The Gerbera Jameson
This bright flowering plant effectively removes trichloroethylene, formaldehyde, and benzene from the air. Likes warmly and the sun.
Scindapsus (Golden Lotus)
Its main advantage — a vast shade tolerance. Effectively cleans the air from formaldehyde and benzene. Scindapsus It poisonous plant that should be kept away from children and animals.
How to grow and care for Scindapsus read here
Chinese evergreen tree is a houseplant that grows in low light conditions and loves moist air. Effectively cleans the air from toluene and benzene. The juice and berries of the plant are poisonous.
Plant-“spider” with rich foliage and small white flowers actively fights benzene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, and xylene. Another reason to get this plant — safety for children and animals.
This plant is an excellent choice for rooms with low light. Effectively removes trichloroethylene, formaldehyde, benzene, carbon monoxide. It is recommended to remove allergens such as mold.
This beautiful blooming flower is effective in reducing formaldehyde, which is released from plywood, furniture, carpets. Long enough to bloom, but requires careful care.
Read more: Secrets Of Growing For Azalea
Sansevieria (mother-in-law language)
A very hardy plant, you need to try to ruin it. Combats pollutants such as formaldehyde, benzene, trichloroethylene. At night, it absorbs carbon dioxide and releases oxygen.
Did you know that the easiest to care for houseplant? Read the full article here
This plant is best suited for removing xylene, trichloroethylene, and formaldehyde. Dracaena grows slowly but grows into a tall plant. It is better to place in a room with high ceilings and moderate sunlight.
Read more for Dracaena: How To Care For A Wonderful Tropical Plant
“Workhorse” for air purification from formaldehyde and other toxic compounds. Non-capricious plant feels excellent in rooms with low light. It is not recommended for those who have children and animals.
Nephrolepis (Boston fern)
Fern moistens and purifies the air from the vapors of formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, and xylene. Loves regular watering and shade.
Spathiphyllum (Peace Lily)
“Lily of the world” — “Queen” for air purification from formaldehyde, benzene, and trichloroethylene. It also effectively fights toluene and xylene. For maximum efficiency, it is recommended to remove dust from its leaves regularly.
This plant is best suited for filtering benzene, trichloroethylene, and formaldehyde. It is better to place next to the furniture, which is covered with paint and vaporizes harmful compounds.
The plant clears the air from formaldehyde, toluene and benzene compounds. In some countries, Sheffler is called an umbrella tree because the leaves, like the spokes of an umbrella, come out of one point.
Read more: How to grow and care from Umbrella Plant Tree
This plant will not only delight with its flowers and decorate the house for a long time, but also effectively fight formaldehyde, xylene, benzene, and ammonia.